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International journal of Immunopathology, allergology, infectology.

Microbiology aspects of etiology diagnostics of community-acquired pneumonia in aged patients

Chulakova O.A., Martynova A.V.

1Epidemiology department, State Pacific Medical University, Ostryakova 2, Vladivostok, 690002, 2 biochemistry, microbiology and biotechnology department, School of Natural Science, Far Eastern Federal University, Ostyabrsjaya, 27, Vladivostok, 690002

Community-acquired pneumoniae is still remaining one of the most important problem of modern medicine. On the other hand, it is not only the problem for the clinical meidicne, but the problem for the diagnostics service, and especially for the clinical microbiology. In fact, except of the all the peculiarities of the clinical progression of community-acquired pneumonia in aged patients, there are also the f difficulties of the microbiological diagnostics what doesn*t allow to identify the main causative agent and also to improve the antimicrobial agents chemotherapy. The aim of our research was to characterize the ethiological structure of community-acquired pneumonia in aged adults. Material and methods: the study of microbiological diagnostics result of lab material gained form 300 aged patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Results: S.pneumoniae takes the leading position among all the pathogens in aged patients ( in all the treated pathology it has been isolating in 21,069,01% cases). S.pyogenes takes the second position as it is 12,81,2% cases. S.aureus takes the third place (8,712,1%.). Conclusion: pneumococcal pneumonias takes the leading position in epidemiology structure of community-acquired pneumonias morbidity in aged patients.

Keywords

Community-acquired pneumonia in aged patients, Streptococcus pneumoniae, pneumococcal infections, pneumococci, COPD, bronchial asthma

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Reference

Chulakova O.A., Martynova A.V. Immunopathology, allergology, infectology 2014; 1:42-47