Influence of aeropalinological factors on the course of bronchial asthma
in residents of Crimean South Coast
Belyaeva S.N., Savchenko V.M., Pirogova M.E., Babich-Gordienko I.V., Kolesnik D.S., Govorun M.I.
Academic Scientific Research Institute of Physical therapies and medical climatology named after I.M. Sechenov, Yalta, Russia
The aim of the study was to study the effect of aeropalinological factors of the South Coast of the Crimea air environment on the course of bronchial asthma (BA) in local residents.
Materials and methods. Conducted aeropalynological study of the South coast of the Crimea (Yalta) air environment by gravimetric method in 2011–2013 (weekly collection of
pollen). Three aeropalinological parameters were determined: the type and number of dusting plants, the total amount in the air of pollen grains of all dusting plants and the total palynoecological risk created by the pollen. About the course of asthma in the residents of the South Coast of the Crimea was judged by the number of calls regarding the deterioration of the patients admitted to the Yalta emergency ambulance
station (EAS) during the corresponding pollen collection week.
Results of the study. During the period from 2011 to 2013, the total number of calls received at the EAS on the deterioration of BA patients was 1670 cases: in 2011 – 488, in 2012 – 611 and in 2013 – 571 cases. It was established that the number
of calls received at the EAS apropos asthma had a statistically significant connection of average strength with total palinoecological risk (r = –0.34, p = 0.0147) only in 2011, and in 2013 with the total amount of pollen grains of plants in the air (r = 0.37, p = 0.007).
The conclusion. On the South Coast of the Crimea, the strict dependence of BA course in the local residents (according to the number of EAS calls due to worsening of their condition)with the state of the regional aeropalinological factors (the
number of dusting plants, the amount of pollen in the air, the palynoecological risk posed by plant pollen) is not established.