Diseases of respiratory organs in the structure of lethal outcomes in HIV-positive patients in Omsk region of Russia
Puzyreva L.V., Nazarova O.I., Dovgopolyuk E.S., Mordyk A.V., Magar N.I.
1 Omsk state medical university of the Russian Ministry of Health, Omsk, Russia
2 The center for prevention and fight about AIDS and infectious diseases, Omsk, Russia
3 The Omsk scientific research institute of natural and focal infections of Rospotrebnadzor, the Siberian federal district center for prevention and fight with AIDS, Omsk, Russia
An increase in lethal outcomes is observed in HIV-positive patients. The purpose of our research is to study the main reasons for a lethal outcome in HIV-positive persons the Omsk region in the last 6 years.
The official information provided by the center of AIDS and infectious diseases prevention over the years 2012 to 2017 was used.
Results. Lethal outcome is most oftenly registered among young able-bodied unemployed population aged from 34 up to 37 years, with observation term in specialized medical institutions from 16 to 38 months. Lethal outcome is also more oftenly registered in women. Most oftenly lethal outcomes were registered in HIV-positive patients at the stage of secondary diseases (69,8%). Diseases of respiratory organs are the most frequent reason of lethal outcomes (62,9%), with tuberculosis accounting for the biggest share of deaths (70,8%), the second most often cause being pneumonia of various etiologies (35,1%).
Conclusion. The main complaints of patients with HIV are linked with diseases of respiratory organs, which result in frequent visits to pulmonary and therapeutic offices. This needs to be considered for the forming of bed fund, purchasing medications and evaluating the qualification of personnel.