Clinical significance of the level of intercellular adhesion molecules 1 in patients with Candida stomatitis depending on the ability of Candida spp to foms biofilms
Novikov D.K., Pozharitskaya A.A., Karpuk I.Yu.
Vitebsk State Medical University, Vitebsk, Belarus
Aim: to assess the level of intercellular adhesion molecules 1 (ICAM-1) in the oral fluid of patients with candidal stomatitis, depending on the ability of fungi Candida to form a biofilm.
The object of the study were 67 patients with oral mucosa candidiasis and 23 patients of the control group without oral candidiasis. A clinical examination of 90 patients was carried out, smears were taken to confirm the diagnosis by a microbiological method, ELISA to assess the level of ICAM-1 in the oral fluid, to determine the biofilm-forming ability of strains of fungi Candida.
According to the results of the study, in 41 (61,2%) patients with candidal stomatitis, strains of fungi Candida had the ability to form a biofilm, and in 26 (38,8%) patients this ability was absent, and in 19 patients (46,3%) it was low ability to biofilm formation, in 21 (51,3%) - moderate ability and in 1 (2,4%) - high. In patients with candidiasis stomatitis, the level of ICAM-1 concentration in saliva was 8,51 ± 0,5 ng / ml, which significantly distinguished it (p <0,001) from the indicator in the control group without oral mucosa candidiasis (4,51 ± 0,32 ng / ml). In patients with candidal stomatitis (n = 67), the level of ICAM-1 in saliva was significantly higher (p <0,01) in the group with biofilm-forming strains than with biofilm-non-forming strains.